There is hardly possible to find a guide-theme about which so many books have been written about the right diet. Food intolerances such as celiac disease (gluten intolerance) and lactose intolerance are well known by the general public. Food manufacturers now offer even an alternatives for sufferers just like lactose-free chocolate or a gluten-free pizza. Also, there are more and more fans of the vegan diet who avoid all animal foods. Become vegan is medically in some people associated with risks. Thus, defects arise, for example, in the elderly, infants or pregnant women by renouncing animal foods. The more important is a conscious compilation of the menu so that there are no nutrient deficiencies.
Industrially produced food like sweetened lemonade is not only on the Don’t-list in many diets, but is also a red flag for supporters of a relatively new diet trends, the Paleo-diet. In this diet you try to mimic the nutrient-rich food intake of our Stone Age ancestors. Or else: The Paleo diet is based on full-fledged food with a high energy content and avoiding foods that are low in nutrients and “unnatural”. According to this view, grain products from wheat, rice or rye barley vitamins and minerals are taboo because they are low in nutrients contain. This is in contradiction with the classic food pyramid.
Should account for such grain products more than half of your daily caloric intake in carbohydrates. Even such a small comparison makes it clear that the opinions in the debate about a right diet are diverge.
Calories and nutrient density – what exactly does that really mean?
Calories are a measure of the energy supplied by a food. The indication “kcal” can be found on many food packages. There are different types of energy.
Sugar provides energy for example, the man quickly converting into fat, while whole-grain bread is a real powerhouse. It is important: Many Calories do not automatically thick, it is much more important, from which they are composed. The basal metabolic rate of the daily caloric requirement is the energy for the “operating system” is necessary. So organ functions, breathing, heartbeat and blood circulation of the body. This basal metabolic rate depends on weight and gender: In a man there are an average of 1,900 KCl, in a woman 1,300 KCl. Most calories will only be stored as fat in the body, if you take more of it to a head when one consumes. The calorie consumption is logically higher when you move a lot or do sports. To burn a sausage with chips through sport again, you have, for example, approximately one hour of jogging.
Foods with a high nutrient density are distinguished in that the content of nutrients in relation to calories is high. Nutrients are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals and vitamins. Walnuts have a high nutrient density, for example, chips are a high-fat product with low nutrient density. After eating you get hungry again faster and has a lot of calories just need to be taken.
Balanced diet is the Alpha and Omega.
Is there now something like the right diet? So we should put as far as possible on a varied mixed diet. “If possible, eat regularly and colorful. Dairy products, fish, meat, cereals, bread, pasta, rice, fruits, vegetables, and nuts, fats and oils – the mix makes it” said Apelt.
The daily calorie intake should be made up to 55 to 60 percent from carbohydrates, 25 to 30 percent from fat and 10 to 15 percent protein. This bill goes back to the food pyramid, you should perform after the body also daily 1.5 to 2 liters of fluid in the form of water, unsweetened tea or diluted fruit juices. By adhering to these recommendations, you will remain physically and mentally fit, feels relaxed and balanced. In principle, therefore everything is permitted when one considers the amount of nutrients and the right balance.
Patients with malnutrition are cared for in future medical and nutritional therapy in our clinics. So approximately 30,000 patients annually through a methodical screening (screening) are analyzed for risks in the diet.