The summer holidays are just around the corner. In the long, dark winter months, we have all dreaming about the warmth of sun rays on our skin. But beware: Without the proper sunscreen the sun can cause skin damage in the long term.
Think of organs, quickly come to our liver, heart or kidneys to mind. In fact, the skin is the largest and heaviest organ in our body. It’s makes about one sixth of total body weight. As a true all-rounder it’s accepts a variety of functions: it protects us from environmental influences and regulates the heat balance of the body. At the same time it’s an important part of our metabolism and immune system. It grows with us and you can even feel in their function as a sensory organ. Thus, the skin can fulfill these important tasks, they need protection – especially against strong sunlight.
Risk skin cancer: One can easily protect.
In US, skin cancer is annually observed at around 250,000 people. This is the so-called “white skin cancer” with about 220,000 cases in the first place. With around 30,000 people of vicious black skin cancer, the “melanoma” is diagnosed.
This skin cancer is the most common tumor types. Main risk factor is the overexposure to UV radiation. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates it now. One differentiates the shortwave UVB radiation, which is responsible for sunburn and the long-wave UVA radiation, which our skin can be handles faster. Both triggers changes in the genome of our cells. The good news is that you can protect yourself easily.
Insights from the Experts.
How by simple means to protect themselves effectively against too much radiation? There are three areas you should be familiar: The correct action to protect themselves from the sun, knowing your own skin type and the appropriate sun protection factor.
Tips and information for you:
What protective measures are meaningful?
– Always use an appropriate sunscreen. 30 minutes before leaving the house, put some cream generously, then re-apply every two or three hours. Also do not forget your lips: Important.
– Avoid the midday sun and prefer shady places.
– Make sport in the cooler morning and evening hours.
– Sunburn should be avoided.
– Additionally protect the skin and eyes with sun-tight clothing and sunglasses. When glasses are CE-marked “100% UV” or “100UV400mm” it’s important clues that a sufficient UV protection is given.
– Avoid visits to the tanning salon.
– Especially important: tablets with beta-carotene, Vitamin A or selenium do not protect against sunburn.
– Infants and young children should always be suspended until the end of the second year of life never direct sunlight. Your skin has formed no adequate UV protection.
Which skin type is mine?
Light skin is more sensitive, dark skin types can safely stay in the sun longer – what kind protection needs our skin is individually very different. The harmless sun minute we calculate by (to SPF 25) multiplying the approximate self-protection time of the skin to the sun protection factor (SPF) of sunscreen.
Skin type I – Celtic type: These people usually have red hair, very fair skin and a tendency to form freckles. You will almost never get brown and after approximately 10 minutes without protection get sunburn.
Skin type II – The Northern European type: Has mostly blond-brown hair and light eyes, and also freckles. Although this type tans slowly, but gets sunburn after only 10 to 20 minutes.
Skin type III – The mixed type: usually has brown hair and brown eyes mostly. He can stay without risk 20 to 30 minutes in the sun.
Skin type IV – The Mediterranean type: representatives of this group usually has brownish skin and no freckles and may be present without protection a little longer than 30 minutes in the sun.
Which sun protection factor is suitable for me?
Always use only sunscreens that contain both UVA and UVB protection. The following SPNs are recommended for different skin types:
Skin type of Children: SPF 30 and higher
Skin type II: SPF 15 to 40
Skin type III: SPF 12 to 30
Skin type IV: SPF 8 to 15
To prevent circulation problems advised much to drink. Everyone should drink per day between 2.5 and three liters. What the experts say. In the heat a mineral water is the best. But there is also must be non-alcoholic wheat beer: The quenches thirst very well because it does not contain a lot of sugar and is isotonic. Alcoholic beverages should be consumed but not at all during the day.
It is also important to ventilate the room in the apartment every morning and evening. Older people should best stay out because they can offset the high temperatures outside worse than younger. They also have a less pronounced thirst. For all true: don’t forget the creaming! At least SPF 30 is recommended.
If you follow these simple instructions, a healthy nothing wouldn’t stands in the way of lens pleasure. We wish you a nice summer!